The Valley of Roses

Trying to discover the earliest beginnings of the relationship between man and the rose, we need to go back to the deepest roots of human memory. The fact that the single language in which there exists no word for ”rose” is that of the Eskimos is apt to provoke a smile.

The rose museum
The Museum of the Rose is unique in its presentation of the 350-year old history of Bulgarian rose growing and processing industry. Its exhibition halls show perfectly preserved traditional tools, equipment and documents.
“Kulata” Historical and Ethnographic Complex
There you will be offered rose jam and rose liqueur among the peace and quietness of the old Bulgarian house of a well-off rose-oil merchant from the beginning of the century.
Rose Fields and Rose Distilleries
The oil-bearing rose needs special conditions and care to give the best quality rose oil in the world. It cannot be seen in the city gardens and parks. You have to visit the rose plantations in the fields of the Valley in May and June when it blossoms in its full beauty.

“Rozhdestvo Hristovo (Birth of Christ)” Memorial Church in Shipka
You can see the gold-plated domes of the church from afar. It was built in Moscow Baroque style, in memory of the soldiers fallen in the Battles for the Shipka Pass. Their remains are treasured in 17 marble sarcophagi in the church’s crypt. For 57 years Bulgarian and Russian iconographers and painters worked on its interior. The murals of the church are interesting since along with the religious scenes, the paintings depict historical figures and scenes from the history of Bulgaria and Russia.
The Maglizh monastery “St. Nikola”
is situated some 2km to the north of the town of Maglizh, in the slopes of the Balkan mountain. It is located about 13km to the east of the town of Kazanlak. Legends connect the establishment of the Maglizh monastery to the name of the Bulgarian tsar Kaloyan, who led the country between 1197 and 1207. The tsar granted funds for the construction of the monastery in 1197 after he won a victory over Byzantine troops in the area of Maglizh with the help of local people.

The Valley of Thracian Kings

There are 1500 mounds in the Kazanlak Valley and over twenty revealed Thracian temples and tombs. All of them represent the great Thracian culture but the following are the most remarkable of all – the famous Kazanlak Tomb and the tombs situated on the north of the town, on the way to the Shipka Pass.

Kazanlak Thracian tomb
It is a part of the UNESCO world heritage and one of the most attractive tombs, with its magnificent frescoes, depicting a Thracian burial rite.
Golyama Kosmatka
The temple-tomb is the latest home of the Seuthopolis ruler - Seuthes III. There have been found the golden cup, wreath, horse harness and battle accoutrements, as well as the bronze head from the ruler’s statue.
Golyama Arsenalka
The architecture of the temple represents the Thracian idea of the world: the Sun is in the center and the slab stones around it form three concentric circles – the nether world, the human world and the heavens.
The sanctuary is remarkable with its two-wing gate, the eastern painted in red (symbolizing the sun / life / day /good), and the western – in black (earth / death / night / evil).
The temple-sanctuary of the Thracian rituals is famous for the griphones depicted in the antechamber – mythical creatures, a combination between the symbols and bodies of a lion and eagle.
The unique golden mask was found in the tomb of the Svetitsa Mound. It belonged to a Thracian ruler buried there, together with his ring, seal and full armor equipment.
The temple is unique on the Balkan Peninsula for the presence of columns both in the antechamber and in the camera. The mythological model of the world is represented in details.
The most remarkable element in the tomb-temple is the depiction of a beautiful woman, preserved in one of the cassettes forming the burial chamber structure.